Mac recovery mode doesn’t work?14 tips to fix it

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Whether you’re trying to fix a stubborn issue, repair or erase your hard drive, or reinstall the latest macOS version, macOS Recovery (started with OS X 10.7 Lion in 2010) is the best choice.

This official troubleshooting works fine in most cases, but there are quite a few issues.

So if Mac recovery mode isn’t working and you don’t know the usual reason Instructions ((((). + R The process went south, you are in the correct troubleshooting guide.

  1. Possible reasons why Command + R doesn’t work on Mac
  2. Did you accidentally delete the recovery partition?
  3. If you’re running macOS Sierra or earlier on your Mac
  4. If your Mac is running macOS X Snow Leopard or earlier
  5. How to check if the recovery partition is working on Mac
  6. Use Terminal to check if your Mac has a recovery partition
  7. Try this fix to force the recovery partition to appear
  8. Restore Mac without recovery partition
  9. Reinstall macOS using internet recovery
  10. Create a macOS bootable installer on your flash drive
  11. How to get macOS installation files
  12. Create a bootable macOS installer
  13. Create install media commands for different macOS versions
  14. Install macOS from a bootable installer

1. Possible reasons why Command + R doesn’t work on Mac

First and foremost, make sure you are using the correct keyboard the meantime Instructions ((((). + R You can get into macOS Recovery on most Macs, but this isn’t the only option. Aside from that, there are many other reasons why macOS recovery mode doesn’t work.

Do you have a Mac with a T2 chip?Try another keyboard shortcut

Instructions ((((). + R Shortcuts may not work on Macs with a T2 security chip.In that case, please try option/ /Alt + command ((((). + R Enter macOS recovery mode.

For beginners, the T2 chip is the second generation custom silicon for Mac. It provides a high level of security by leveraging the Enclave coprocessor.

The following Macs come with an Apple T2 security chip.

  • iMac Pro
  • Mac Pro 2019
  • Mac mini 2018
  • MacBook Air 2018 or later MacBook Pro 2018 or later

Note: You also have the option to check if your Mac has a T2 Apple The icon in the upper left corner of the screen.Then press and hold option Press the key to select System information..Then select controller Also iBridge Located in the sidebar. Now you’ll see the Apple T2 chip on the right if your Mac supports it.

Make sure the keyboard works properly

Another thing worth remembering is to make sure your keyboard is clean. Test both the R key and the command key individually. If you run into problems, try a different keyboard.

If you find that everything is working fine, you can be confident that your Mac keyboard has a problem. I need a new Mac keyboard. Check out this extensive summary.

2. Did you accidentally delete the recovery partition?

You may have accidentally deleted the recovery partition while installing Windows via Boot Camp or replacing your Mac’s hard drive. Alternatively, the recovery partition may be corrupted.

  1. Restart your Mac and press immediately Instructions (((() When R Enter macOS recovery.
  2. If Instructions ((((). + R It didn’t work, give it a try Option / Alt + command ((((). + R When started to activate internet recovery mode.
  3. You can now access your Apple server and download the latest macOS version.

Note: Can also be used Shift + Option / Alt + command ((((). + R Install the pre-installed macOS version on your Mac.

3. If you are running macOS Sierra or earlier on your Mac

If your Mac is running something older than macOS Sierra (introduced in 2016), you don’t have all the recovery options.

4. If your Mac is running macOS X Snow Leopard or earlier

Does your Mac support recovery partitions? If your Mac computer is running OS X Snow Leopard or earlier, it doesn’t have a recovery partition. In this scenario, you need to use the original disc pre-installed on your Mac to complete your work.

If you don’t have these discs, you can purchase them from Apple.

5. How to check if the recovery partition is working on Mac

In some cases, the macOS Recovery partition may appear to be non-functional. Therefore, if you have done everything correctly and it still cannot be activated or used, check if the partition is working properly.

  1. Shut down your mac [Simply click the Apple icon in the toolbar and select Shut Down. Now, hold down the Command () + R keys and press the Power button.
  2. Now, make sure to hold down the Command () and R keys until the Apple logo shows up on the screen. After that, release the keys.
  3. Next, allow the Mac to enter Recovery Mode.

    Use Mac in Recovery Mode

Note: On the latest macOS versions, you’ll see macOS Utilities; while in the older macOS versions, OS X Utilities will appear.

If this screen appears, your Mac is working properly. Now, reinstall macOS as usual.

But if a blank screen appears, or the Mac boots up to a different screen, the Recovery partition is not working.

6. Use Terminal to check if your Mac has a Recovery partition

With the help of the Terminal, you can quickly check if your Mac has a Recovery partition or not.

  1. Launch Terminal on your Mac and then enter the diskutil list. Now, a list of all the volumes and partitions will appear on your computer.
  2. Next, the first drive (/dev/disk0) should feature a partition. Now, try using the Command () + R key combination again to see if you’ve resolved the macOS recovery issues on your Mac.

7. Try this fix to force the Recovery partition to appear

Sometimes, macOS Recovery partitions seem to completely disappear without any reason what-so-ever. If you’re facing this scenario, reset PRAM, or reset SMC. To do so, shut down your Mac. After that, hold down Command () + Option + P + R during the booting process.

When you hear the chimes, release the keys. Now, use the Command () + R process to see if the macOS Recovery partition has appeared. If it has, you’re good to go!

If none of the tricks so far have worked, it’s time to get on with the possible solutions to reinstall macOS without a Recovery partition. But before getting started, back up your Mac using Time Machine.

8. Restore a Mac without a Recovery partition

Did you know that you can restore your Mac even without the Recovery partition? On newer Macs, the process is a little easier when compared to the older ones.

There are a couple of straightforward ways to restore a Mac without a Recovery partition.

  • Use Internet Recovery to reinstall macOS
  • Create a boot drive to install a copy of macOS

9. Use Internet Recovery to reinstall macOS

We think this option is the easiest of the two. Moreover, modern Macs can boot directly from an internet connection without relying on the Recovery partition.

  1. Turn off your Mac. Then, hold down Command () + Option/Alt + R keys and press the Power button.
  2. Now, make sure to press these keys until a spinning globe or the message “Starting Internet Recovery” appears on the screen.
  3. When the macOS Utilities screen shows up, click Reinstall macOS. After that, go through with the installation process.

It’s worth reiterating that it only supports networks using WEP and WPA security. You may face issues if you’re using a proxy/PPPoE network.

10. Create a macOS bootable installer on a flash drive

If you’re unable to access Internet Recovery, create a bootable installer from a flash drive. There are a couple of major requirements for making a bootable install drive.

  • A 128GB Flash Drive (Minimum Requirement): Make sure the flash drive is at least 12GB in size). Keep in mind that it will completely wipe out the USB flash drive. So, remember to save all files upfront.
  • Installation File: The process of getting the installation file varies based on a macOS version

11. How to get macOS installation files

The process of getting installation files slightly differs from one macOS version to the other. So, follow the below steps to get them with ease.

How to get Big Sur installation files if your mac is running Mojave or earlier:

  1. Head over to System Preferences → Software Update.
  2. Now, wait for some time until your Mac has searched for the latest update to macOS.
  3. Download and Install the update.

Make sure to copy the installation file before installing so that you can have access to it to create a bootable installer.

12. Make a Bootable macOS installer

Creating a bootable installation of macOS is pretty straightforward (since OS X Mavericks) now since it only needs you to put in a single command in the Terminal. What’s more, the createinstallmedia command also lets you make a bootable copy of an installer on any drive connected to your Mac.

Again, it’s worth noting that the createinstallmedia command will erase everything on your external disk. So, make sure to save your important files elsewhere beforehand.

  1. To get started, plug in an external drive. Make sure it has at least 8GB of space. (12GB is preferable).
  2. Now, open Disk Utility. Simply, press Command () + Spacebar and type in “Disk Utility”.
    Note: If your Mac is running macOS High Sierra or later, click the View drop-down and select Show All Devices from the options. Now, you can view the external root drive along with the volume.
  3. Now, you need to choose the root drive in the sidebar and hit Erase. After that, be sure to select Mac OS Extended (Journaled) as the Format and GUID Partition Map as the Scheme.
  4. By default, the drive will be named “Untitled”. However, you can choose to give it a suitable name.
    Note: In the Terminal command, replace the term USB with the name you’ve given to your drive.
  5. Make sure to click Erase again. Now, wait until Disk Utility has successfully created the partition and set up the drive. After that, click Done.
  6. Next, launch Terminal on your Mac and copy the text (below) that corresponds to the macOS version you want to install. After that, click Enter/Return. Then, enter your user password and hit the Return key.

The createinstallmedia command will vary based on the macOS version you wish to use. 

Big Sur

sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Big\ --volume /Volumes/MyVolume


sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ --volume /Volumes/MyVolume


sudo /Applications/Install macOS --volume /Volumes/MyVolume

Catalina beta

sudo /Applications/Install macOS Catalina --volume /Volumes/MyVolume --nointeraction --downloadassets


sudo /Applications/Install macOS --volume /Volumes/MyVolume

High Sierra

sudo /Applications/Install macOS High --volume /Volumes/MyVolume


sudo /Applications/Install macOS --volume /Volumes/MyVolume --applicationpath /Applications/Install macOS

El Capitan

sudo /Applications/Install OS X El --volume /Volumes/MyVolume --applicationpath /Applications/Install OS X El


sudo /Applications/Install OS X --volume /Volumes/MyVolume --applicationpath /Applications/Install OS X


sudo /Applications/Install OS X --volume /Volumes/MyVolume --applicationpath /Applications/Install OS X
  1. Now, you’ll see a warning saying it will erase the drive. To continue, press Y and hit Return.
  2. Next up, the Terminal will copy the installer file to the drive. Once it’s done, you’ll get a confirmation “Copy complete and Done”.

That’s it! You’ve created the installer on an external drive, which you can use to install multiple copies of macOS.

Side Note:

  • Once the bootable installer is ready, you can simply plug the external drive into the Mac and start it up by holding down the Option/Alt key while it’s booting up.
  • When the Startup Manager appears, click your external drive to choose it as the startup disk. Now, the computer will start up in Recovery Mode. After that, click Install macOS and hit Continue. The chosen macOS version will begin to install.

14. Install macOS from the bootable installer

If you’ve already created a bootable installer, you can use it to reinstall macOS at any time. To do so, follow these steps:

  1. To get started, be sure the bootable installer (USB flash drive) is connected to your Mac.
  2. Power down your macOS device. After that, hold down Option/Alt and press the Power button.
  3. Now, the startup device list window will show up featuring a yellow drive with the Install option below it. Click it and press Return.
  4. Next, select the Disk Utility and choose the drive under the Internal option.
  5. Next up, click Erase and give a suitable name to the drive.
  6. Make sure the Format is Mac OS Extended (Journaled) and the Scheme is GUID Partition Map.
  7. After that, click Erase and hit Done.
  8. Up next, click Disk Utility and choose Quit Disk Utility.
  9. Click Install macOS and hit Continue.

Now, go ahead with the instructions to install macOS options. Along the way, choose Macintosh HD as the installation disk and click Install.

After the process completes, you’ll have a new installation of macOS along with a Recovery partition.

Side Note: Now, you might see an alert. “This copy of the Install [macOS name] I can’t see the application. It may have been damaged or tampered with during the download. Try adjusting the date and time on macOS to get rid of it.


please! Hopefully I’ve cleaned up the macOS recovery issue and either reinstalled the latest macOS version or cleaned up my Mac.

Especially when dealing with issues of that size, it’s a good idea to have multiple options so you don’t get stuck.

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